Columbus Monuments Pages

United States of America
Saint Louis
Missouri

Tower Grove Park

Christopher Columbus

Ferdinand von Miller d.J.

1886

Saint Louis /  Christopher Columbus   Saint Louis /  Christopher Columbus

Description

Standing figure of a bearded Columbus with a cloth draped over his proper right shoulder. His proper right hand holds the cloth in front as his proper left leg comes forward. The base has two reliefs depicting LaSalle at Cahokia and Columbus at sea, and the base also incorporates benches.

Inscription(s)

The front panel dedicates the monument:

To the
Discoverer
of a
New World.

The back panel states

The XIX
Centurÿ to
Christopher Columbus
1884.

Annotation

The monumental figure who confronts the visitor just inside the Grand Avenue entrance to Tower Grove Park is Christopher Columbus, in one of the very few bearded depictions of that explorer. Although dated 1884 on the tall red granite pedestal designed by George I. Barnett, the statue was not actually unveiled until 12 October 1886.
The statue was commissioned by Henry Shaw from the Munich sculptor Ferdinand von Milller. His sculpture of Columbus for Tower Grove Park was the first bronze sculpture of the explorer in the U.S. One of the two reliefs on the side of the pedestal shows La Salle arriving at Cahokia on 12 February 1682; the other shows the arrival of Columbus on 12 October 1492 (see below).

Side panel with Columbus Side panel with LaSalla

Also believed to be the only statue in the US of a bearded Columbus, a feature added at the insistence of the donor. A rumor has it that objecting, the sculptor carved on the statue: "I knew he didn't have a beard."

IAS files contain an unidentified newspaper article which discusses disagreement between the artist and Henry Shaw over whether Columbus should wear a beard. Miller did not believe that it was historically accurate to depict Columbus with a beard, but he included one at Shaw's insistence.

This monument on postcards

Click here for the postcard(s) and enlargement(s)

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

Location N 38°36'18" W 90°14'34"

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Item Code: usmo02; Added: 1 September 1999  / Photograph: 1 September 1999

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